Breast Lumps – Singapore: Causes, Diagnosis & Treatments

A breast lump is a distinct, noticeable mass more solid than the rest of the breast tissue.

This palpable growth may be concerning, especially for women with higher breast cancer risk. While most breast lumps are non-cancerous, routine self-examinations for breast lumps in Singapore is crucial to receive appropriate medical advice and ensure peace of mind.

Who is at Risk of Breast Lumps & Cysts

Women between 35 and 50 years old are more vulnerable to developing breast lumps & cysts due to hormonal imbalances. For instance, postmenopausal women taking hormone therapy and premenopausal ladies during the menstrual cycle experiences fluctuations in hormone levels that contribute to breast tissue changes and abnormalities. Individuals under these risk categories must communicate with their healthcare providers to ensure proper care and guidance tailored to their needs. Timely screening and diagnosis allow women to receive prompt treatment when necessary.

What Are the Symptoms & Causes of Breast Lumps

The breast tissue is sensitive to hormones during the menstrual cycle or hormone therapy. The increase of hormones, including estrogen and progesterone, causes the milk ducts and glands to swell and develop lumps. This leads to denser breast tissue and the formation of palpable masses. Other causes may involve trauma, fat necrosis, and localised infection in the breast. Here are the common symptoms of breast lumps in Singapore.
  • Round, smooth, firm breast mass
  • Large & solid movable lump
  • Hard, irregularly shaped growth
  • Skin dimpling or redness
  • Changes in breast shape or size
  • Nipple discharge
Your breast health matters. If you observe these symptoms, make an appointment with your breast specialist for prompt evaluation.

How is Breast Lump Diagnosis Conducted?

Breast lump diagnosis involves several steps for accurate assessment and appropriate medical intervention. Understanding how it occurs provides valuable insight into what to expect during the evaluation.
  1. Clinical evaluation by our breast specialistThis involves a physical examination of the breasts, including palpation, to assess the lump’s size, shape, and texture. Our specialist may inquire about symptoms and review your medical history to gather information for the diagnosis.
  2. Imaging tests for breast lump diagnosis
    • Mammogram uses two plates to compress the breast tissue for a detailed view. It produces an X-ray image to determine early signs of breast lumps.
    • Ultrasound is a handheld, wand-like instrument that detects breast changes, such as lumps and fluid-filled cysts not seen on a mammogram.
    • Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging identifies small, non-fatty breast tissue not detected on a mammogram or ultrasound. It diagnoses breast lumps in younger women who may have dense breast tissue.
  3. Consultation and Treatment Planning Our breast specialist reviews the result and guides patients on the appropriate treatment options tailored to their needs and preferences. This may include surgical removal of the lump, additional imaging tests, or referral to an oncologist for further management.

When to Seek Treatment for Breast Lumps in Singapore

Seeking early medical treatment for breast lumps provides women with timely, appropriate health interventions to reduce anxiety. It prevents the abnormal mass from growing or causing severe complications, affecting an individual’s daily life.

Breast Lump Treatments in Singapore

  • Fine-needle aspiration involves the drainage of a fluid-filled cyst to provide relief and reduce its size. It utilises a thin, hollow needle attached to a syringe to withdraw fluid.
  • Excisional Biopsy or lumpectomy is an outpatient procedure to remove the entire lump. It involves an incision over the area to excise the tumour and some surrounding tissue.
  • Mastectomy is the last treatment option if abnormal growth is suspected with high cancer risk. This procedure excises the entire breast tissue to eliminate cancerous cells.

How to Prevent Breast Lumps

Breast care is essential for preventing breast lumps and maintaining optimal breast health. The following are practical strategies to enhance your overall breast health and reduce the risk of breast lumps.

Tips for Effective Breast Care

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly.
  • Limit consumption of carcinogen-rich substances, such as alcohol and cigarette.
  • Discuss alternatives to hormonal therapy with your healthcare provider to reduce risk.
  • Be mindful of breast changes or abnormalities.
  • Practice proper breast self-examinations every month, three days after the menstrual cycle.
  • Schedule regular checkups with a breast specialist to detect potential health issues.

Why Is Breast Care Important to Prevent Breast Lumps

Women who follow breast care practices learn to identify changes or abnormalities on time. This prevents severe complications, ensures early diagnoses, and enhances optimal treatment outcomes. The crucial components of breast care include routine clinical examinations, regular breast screening, and healthy habits to allow individuals to reap the benefits of early detection and improved overall breast health. Although breast lumps are normal and benign, 10 to 20% are cancerous. As a result, increased awareness about breast changes allows women to determine the presence of a breast lump and take action. If you’re at risk of a breast lump formation or have a higher risk of breast cancer, consider keeping a healthy lifestyle and scheduling routine breast checkups to protect your breast health. Enhance breast health today.

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